The Blue Mountains-New South Wales pride
When the first Europeans arrived in Australia, the Blue Mountains had already been inhabited for several millennia by the Gundungurra people.
The Gundangara are a clan of Indigenous Australians in south-eastern New South Wales, Australia.
The Gandangara lived in the south-east region of New South Wales from the Nepean River to about Lake George, neighbours of the Dharug, Tharawal, Yuin, Ngunawal and Wiradjuri peoples.
Arthur Phillip, the first governor of New South Wales, first glimpsed the extent of the Blue Mountains from a ridge at the site of today's Oakhill College, Castle Hill. He named them the Carmarthen Hills, 'some forty to sixty miles distant…" and he reckoned that the ground was "most suitable for government stock".
This is the location where Gidley King in 1799 established a prison town for political prisoners from Ireland and Scotland.
European settlers initially considered that fertile lands lay beyond the mountains, as was China in the belief of many convicts, but that this didn't matter much, since the mountains were impassable.This idea was, to some extent, convenient for local authorities. An "insurmountable" barrier would deter convicts from trying to escape in that direction.
The Blue Mountains offer spectacular scenery, plantlife and wildlife. The mountains reach a height of 1100m, and have been given their name due to the blue haze that hovered above the mountains produced by the oil from the plentiful Eucalyptus trees.
Nowadays Sydneysiders and travellers escape to the Blue mountains in search of pristine landscapes , wonderful bushwalks and many more activities for rock climbers, mountain bikers and hikers as well as canyoning and other adventure sports.
The spectacular mountains, divine rainforests, vast valleys and bold cliffs blend with restaurants, wine bars, intimate guest houses and chic resorts .
One of the most famous landmarks in the area are the “Three Sisters” .Located at Echo Point Katoomba, this iconic visitor attraction is experienced by millions of people each year. The Three Sisters is essentially an unusual rock formation representing three sisters which according to the Gundangara dreaming were turned into stone.
Another remarkable landmark are the Jenolan Caves , the largest, most spectacular and most famous caves in Australia. Here you can have the opportunity to explore the world's oldest caves – one of the most outstanding cave systems in the world.