Canberra

Canberra

Things to do - general

Canberra is the national capital and the centre of government. It is located approximately 290 kilometres south of Sydney in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Canberra lies on the ancient lands of the Indigenous Ngunnawal people, and its name is thought to mean ‘meeting place’, from the Aboriginal word ‘Kamberra’. It is home to important national institutions, including the Australian Parliament and the High Court of Australia.

Country Australia
Visa requirementsEveryone travelling to Australia must present a valid and approved travel document as evidence of their identity and nationality. You must hold a passport from an eligible country to apply for this visa. You must be outside Australia when you lodge your application for an eVisitor. You do not need to visit an immigration office and you will not receive a stamp or label in your passport. However, you will be given a confirmation for your records. An eVisitor is an electronically stored authority for travel to Australia. eVisitor can be accessed by airlines, travel agents and Australian border agencies.
Languages spokenEnglish
Currency usedAustralian Dollar
Area (km2)Area: 814.2 km²

Sports & nature

Explore the clean, green and wide open spaces of Australia's capital city. Discover abundant kangaroos and wildlife in Canberra's nature park, play around three major lakes or thrill to our world-class mountain bike trails. Canberra is blessed with abundant parks, reserves and lakes making the city ideal for getting outdoors and enjoying our four distinct seasons. Summer is a great time to explore the Murrumbidgee River Corridor and our three city lakes: Lake Burley Griffin, Lake Tuggeranong and Lake Ginninderra. Autumn is a spectacular sight as deciduous city trees and the National Arboretum change colour. Winter is brisk and cool and snow is regularly seen on the hills and mountains to the west around Tidbinbilla and Namadgi. Spring is a renewal of colours and a fine time to see native flora in bloom at the Australian National Botanic Gardens and over a million exotic blooms during Floriade. Sports and nature image

Nightlife info

Most of Canberra's best cocktail bars, clubs, and pubs can be found around Garema Place and nearby City Walk, and in the Sydney and Melbourne Buildings, or head farther afield to Kingston and Manuka. Nightlife image

Culture and history info

Before European settlement, the area which eventually became the Australian Capital Territory was inhabited by Indigenous Australians. Historical sources have identified them as different tribes with a range of names. Historian Lyall Gillespie has recorded local settlers using the terms "Nganbra", "Pialligo", "Kamberra" and "Kgamberry" in relation to the indigenous inhabitants. European exploration began in the Canberra area as early as the 1820s. Canberra was "discovered" on 7 December 1820 by Charles Throsby Smith, Joseph Wild and James Vaughan. Overall, four successive expeditions whose routes took in the Canberra area were those of Charles Throsby (Oct 1820), Charles Throsby Smith (Dec 1820), Major John Ovens and Captain Mark Currie (1823), and Allan Cunningham (1824). All four expeditions explored the course of the Molonglo River that is now the site of Lake Burley Griffin. Smith and Cunningham also penetrated further south, into what is now called the Tuggeranong Valley. White settlement in the area can be said to have begun in 1824, when a homestead or station was built in what is now the Acton peninsula.Culture and history image

Unfortunately there are no tour offers at this location at the moment.