Western Australia

Western Australia

Things to do - general

Western Australia is one of the most ancient lands on the planet.

There is a lot of history to explore – from 3.5 billion-year-old living fossils, to more than 40,000 years of Aboriginal history and four centuries of European influence.

Western Australia  is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, the Great Australian Bight and Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia’s largest state with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres (976,790 sq mi), and the second-largest country subdivision in the world – however, a significant part of it is sparsely populated. The state has about 2.6 million inhabitants, around 11% of the national total. 92% of the population lives in the south-west corner of the state.

Country Australia
Visa requirementsUnless you are an Australian or New Zealand citizen, you will need a visa to enter Australia. All other passport holders must apply for a visa before leaving home. You can apply for a range of visas, including tourist visas and working holiday visas, at your nearest Australian Consulate. You can also apply for certain types of visas online. Tourist visas A tourist visa is for people visiting Australia for holidays, sightseeing, social or recreational reasons. This includes visiting relatives and friends, or for other short-term non-work purposes. There are a number of tourist visas available for people wishing to visit Australia as a tourist. There are a number of visa options available to tourists, including the Tourist Visa, Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) and eVisitor. These visa options can allow for stays of up to three, six or twelve months. Visas are available from Australian embassies, high commissions, consulates and online. The ETA and eVisitor can be applied for online.To find the most suitable visa, check eligibility, or find out about visa extensions, visit the Department of Immigration and Citizenship website.
Languages spokenEnglish
Currency usedAustralian dollar ($AUD)
Area (km2)2,529,875

Sports & nature

Mother Nature has produced some of her finest work in Western Australia, creating diverse and dramatic landscapes like no others on Earth. From the UNESCO World Heritage list, Shark Bay to the world’s largest fringing reef, World Heritage listed Ningaloo Reef,home to one of the largest caves in Australia, reaching depths of 42 metres and stretching for 1.9 kilometres and the lunar-like Pinnacles,of Nambung National Park, western Australia is a nature's lovers paradise. Sports are something of a national obsession in Australia, and you would be amazed of the range of fun outdoor and sporting attractions all over Western Australia.Sports and nature image

Nightlife info

Perth has a large selection of pubs and nightclubs to cater for all the night owels. The main nightclub area in Perth is Northbridge, located just over the railway line from the city centre, and only a few minutes walk from the train and buses. Northbridge is about four blocks long by four blocks wide. In this area you will find many nightclubs, pubs, and over 100 eating establishments. Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday are the busiest days and nights at Northbridge, but there is always a great atmosphere any day of the week. A Perth tradition is to go to the pub on a Sunday afternoon. This tradition is known as going for a "Sunday Session". The Sunday Session provides a perfect excuse to finish the weekend with your friends and a few drinks, perhaps looking out over the majestic Swan River, before going back to work on a Monday morning. With the fantastic climate that Perth has, most of the Sunday Sessions are based around beer gardens, sometimes overlooking the ocean or Swan River. The sessions start in the early afternoon and usually end around 9pm. Many pubs have "happy hours" where the prices for alcohol are discounted also.Nightlife image

Culture and history info

The city of Perth in Western Australia was named by Captain James Stirling in 1829 after Perth, Scotland, in honour of the birthplace and parliamentary seat in the British House of Commons of Sir George Murray, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. Before the founding of the Swan River Colony, the indigenous Noongar people were well established in the southwest corner of Western Australia, hunting and gathering. They called the area on which Perth now stands Boorloo. Boorloo formed part of Mooro, the tribal lands of Yellagonga, whose group was one of several based around the Swan River, known collectively as the Whadjug. Like elsewhere in Australia, Aboriginal occupation of the coastal plain was unconsciously preparing the ground for European settlement. The ground they cultivated, the tracks they passed along, the native plants they cropped and the bush they cleared by fire all foreshadowed the siting and establishment of European settlements and homesteads. Early European exploration of the area commenced in 1697 with the discovery of the Swan River by Dutch captain Willem de Vlamingh. A sloop was dragged over the limestone bar and sandy shoals that blocked the river mouth, and an expedition made up the river. Surveying the area from "high ground" (Mount Eliza),[3] Vlamingh was not impressed.[4] Similar explorations by the French in 1801,[3] and the British in 1822[4] left equally unfavourable impressions regarding any potential settlement of the area. The first detailed map of the Swan River, drawn by the French in 1801 The first explorer to gain a favourable opinion of the Swan River was Captain James Stirling, who explored the area in March 1827. With relatives in the powerful British East India Company, Stirling was predisposed to the idea of a West Australian colony with potential for Indian Ocean trade.Culture and history image

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